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dc.contributor.authorAntônio, Flávia Ignácio
dc.contributor.authorHerbert, Robert D.
dc.contributor.authorBø, Kari
dc.contributor.authorRosa-e-Silva, Ana Carolina Japur Sa
dc.contributor.authorLara, Lucia Alves da Silva
dc.contributor.authorFranco, Maria Menenzes
dc.contributor.authorFerreira, Cristine Homsi Jorge
dc.date.accessioned2019-07-26T08:21:36Z
dc.date.available2019-07-26T08:21:36Z
dc.date.issued2018-06-15
dc.identifier.citationAntônio, F. I., Herbert, R. D., Bø, K., Rosa-e, A. C. J. S., Lara, L. A. S., de Menezes Franco, M., & Ferreira, C. H. J. (2018). Pelvic floor muscle training increases pelvic floor muscle strength more in post-menopausal women who are not using hormone therapy than in women who are using hormone therapy: a randomised trial. Journal of physiotherapy, 64(3), 166-171.en
dc.identifier.issn1836-9553
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10642/7368
dc.description.abstractQuestion Are there differences in the effectiveness of pelvic floor muscle training on pelvic floor muscle strength and urinary incontinence symptoms in postmenopausal women who are and are not using hormone therapy? Design Randomised, controlled trial with concealed allocation, blinded assessors, and intention-to-treat analysis. Participants Ninety-nine postmenopausal women, 38 of whom were using daily systemic oestrogen/progestogen therapy. Intervention The experimental group (n = 51) received an intensive supervised pelvic floor muscle training protocol, and the control group (n = 48) received no intervention. The randomisation was stratified by hormone therapy use. Outcome measures Change in pelvic floor muscle strength assessed with manometry at 12 weeks. Prevalence and severity of urinary incontinence symptoms were assessed using questionnaires. Results Eighty-eight women provided data that could be included in the analysis. Pelvic floor muscle training increased pelvic floor muscle strength by 8.0 cmH2O (95% CI 3.4 to 12.6) in women not using hormone therapy and by –0.9 cmH20 (95% CI –6.5 to 4.8) in women using hormone therapy (interaction p = 0.018). A sensitivity analysis showed that the greater training effect in women who were not using hormone therapy was still apparent if the analysis was conducted on percentage change in strength rather than absolute change in strength. There was also a significantly greater effect of training in women not using hormone therapy on prevalence of urinary incontinence symptoms (ratio of odds ratios = 7.4; interaction p = 0.028). The difference in effects on severity of urinary incontinence symptoms was not statistically significant (interaction p = 0.37). Conclusion Pelvic floor muscle training increases pelvic floor muscle strength more in women who are not using hormone therapy than in women using hormone therapy.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherElsevieren
dc.relation.ispartofseriesJournal of physiotherapy;64(3)
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 United States This is an open access article, originally published at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jphys.2018.05.002en
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/us/*
dc.subjectArtikkelen
dc.subjectVDP::Medisinske Fag: 700en
dc.titlePelvic floor muscle training increases pelvic floor muscle strength more in post-menopausal women who are not using hormone therapy than in women who are using hormone therapy: a randomised trialen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.typePeer revieweden
dc.description.versionpublishedVersionen
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.jphys.2018.05.002
dc.identifier.cristinID1593904


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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 United States

This is an open access article, originally published at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jphys.2018.05.002
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 United States This is an open access article, originally published at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jphys.2018.05.002