Now showing items 43-62 of 143

    • Er hygiene-protokollene i radiologiske avdelinger optimale for å hindre MRSA-smitte? 

      Boquist, Kajsa Pauline; Rudi, Nina Helen (OsloMet University Library, 2018-06-21)
      Innledning: MRSA er en bakterie som er motstandsdyktig mot både penicillin og methicillin. Den er fryktet i norske helseinstitusjoner da den er vanskelig å behandle. Det er viktig å ha gode protokoller for generell hygiene, ...
    • Experiences from Introducing Standardized High Dose 131I-mIBG Treatment of Children with Refractory Neuroblastoma: Differences in Effective Dose to Patients and Exposure to Caregivers 

      Hjornevik, Trine; Martinsen, Anne Catrine; Hagve, Signe Elise; Andersen, Merethe Wigen; Mørk, Ann Cecillie; Fjeld, Jan Gunnar; Ruud, Ellen (OMICS International, 2015-10-19)
      Aims: High dose 131I-meta iodobenzylguanidine (131I-mIBG) combined with radiosensitizing topotecan and peripheral blood stem cell support is a promising treatment regimen for children with neuroblastoma (NB). Here we present ...
    • Experimental article Maintaining image quality for paediatric chest CTs while lowering dose: FBP versus SAFIRE 

      Borge, Synnøve Devik; Campbell, Nina; Gomes, Ana; Raszkowski, Aysha Malgorzata; Rook, Jan Willem; Sanderud, Audun; Vallinga, Anique; Vouillamoz, Audrey; Buissink, Carst (University of Salford, 2015)
      Objectives: Children have a greater risk from radiation, per unit dose, due to increased radiosensitivity and longer life expectancies. It is of paramount importance to reduce the radiation dose received by children. This ...
    • Expression and function of the miR-143/145 cluster in vitro and in vivo in human breast cancer 

      Johannessen, Charles; Moi, Line; Kiselev, Yury; Pedersen, Mona Irene; Dalen, Stig Manfred; Braaten, Tonje; Busund, Lill-Tove (2017)
      MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that function as post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression and are dysregulated in cancer. Studies of miRNAs to explore their potential as diagnostic and prognostic ...
    • Factors influencing prescribing of fall-risk-increasing drugs to the elderly: A qualitative study 

      Bell, Hege Therese; Steinsbekk, Aslak; Granås, Anne Gerd (Taylor & Francis, 2015)
      Objective. Explore the situations in which GPs associate drug use with falls among their elderly patients, and the factors influencing the prescribing and cessation of fall-risk-increasing drugs (FRIDs). Design. A qualitative ...
    • Fatigue During and After Breast Cancer Therapy—A Prospective Study 

      Reinertsen, Kristin Valborg; Engebråten, Olav; Loge, Jon Håvard; Småstuen, Milada Cvancarova; Naume, Bjørn; Wist, Erik; Edvardsen, Hege; Wille, Elisabeth; Bjøro, Trine; Kiserud, Cecilie E. (Elsevier, 2017)
      Context Chronic fatigue (CF) in breast cancer (BC) survivors is multifactorial and may be caused by immune activation triggered by BC or its treatment. In the Neoadjuvant Avastin in Breast Cancer study, BC patients ...
    • Gene variations in sex hormone pathways and the risk of testicular germ cell tumour: a case–parent triad study in a Norwegian–Swedish population 

      Kristiansen, Wenche; Andreassen, Kristine Engen; Karlsson, Robert; Aschim, Elin Leirvoll; Bremnes, Roy M.; Dahl, Olav; Fosså, Sophie Dorothea; Klepp, Olbjørn; Langberg, Carl W.; Solberg, Arne; Tretli, Steinar; Adami, Hans-Olov; Wiklund, Fredrik; Grotmol, Tom; Haugen, Trine Berit (Oxford University Press, 2012-03-08)
      BACKGROUND Testicular germ cell tumour (TGCT) is the most common cancer in young men, and an imbalance between the estrogen and androgen levels in utero is hypothesized to influence TGCT risk. Thus, polymorphisms in genes ...
    • A genomic view of experimental intra- and interspecies transformation of a rifampicin resistance allele into Neisseria meningitidis 

      Alfsnes, Kristian; Frye, Stephan Alfons; Eriksson, JE; Tonjum, Tone; Eldholm, Vegard; Brynildsrud, Ola Brønstad; Bohlin, Jon; Harrison, OB; Hood, D; Maiden, Martin C.J.; Ambur, Ole Herman (Microbiology Society, 2018-09-25)
      The spread of antibiotic resistance within and between different bacterial populations is a major health problem on a global scale. The identification of genetic transformation in genomic data from Neisseria meningitidis, ...
    • Global dissemination patterns of common gene cassette arrays in class 1 integrons 

      Domingues, Sara; da Silva, Gabriela Jorge; Nielsen, Kaare Magne (Microbiology Society, 2015-07-01)
      Integrons are genetic elements that contain a site-specific recombination system able to capture, express and exchange gene cassettes. Mobile integrons are widespread and often confer resistance to multiple antibiotics, ...
    • HPV Genotyping of Modified General Primer-Amplicons Is More Analytically Sensitive and Specific by Sequencing than by Hybridization 

      Meisal, Roger; Rounge, Trine Ballestad; Christiansen, Irene Kraus; Eieland, Alexander Kirkeby; Worren, Merete Molton; Molden, Tor; Kommedal, Øyvind; Hovig, Eivind; Leegaard, Truls Michael; Ambur, Ole Herman (Public Library of Science, 2017)
      Sensitive and specific genotyping of human papillomaviruses (HPVs) is important for population-based surveillance of carcinogenic HPV types and for monitoring vaccine effectiveness. Here we compare HPV genotyping by Next ...
    • Hva finnes på innsiden av kranarmaturer? 

      Charnock, Colin; Otterholt, Eli; Nordlie, Anne-Lise (Vannforeningen, 2012)
      Innsiden av vannkraner kommer i kontakt med både mikrober som er til stede i drikkevann og de som finnes på hender, matrester og i luften. En hypotese er at kranbiofilmer kan være tilholdssted for sykdomsfremkallende ...
    • Hvor robust er samsvaret mellom respondering på matching-to-sample tester og sorteringstester? 

      Bevolden, Kristiane Rustad; Arntzen, Erik (Norsk atferdsanalytisk forening, 2018)
      Formålet med dette eksperimentet var å undersøke om samsvaret mellom resultatene på en matching-to-sample (MTS) test og sorteringstester også er gjeldende ved bruk en Many-to-One (MTO) treningsstruktur. Vi ønsket å gjøre ...
    • Hyperactivation of NF-κB via the MEK signaling is indispensable for the inhibitory effect of cAMP on DNA damage-induced cell death. 

      Kloster, Martine Müller; Naderi, Elin Hallan; Carlsen, Harald; Blomhoff, Heidi Kiil; Naderi, Soheil (BioMed Central, 2011-04-21)
      With cAMP signaling having a profound inhibitory effect on DNA damage-induced apoptosis in B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL) cells, understanding how this signaling pathway affects the survival capacity ...
    • 'I try not to bother the residents too much' - the use of capillary blood glucose measurements in nursing homes 

      Andreassen, Lillan Mo; Granås, Anne Gerd; Sølvik, Una Ørvim; Kjome, Reidun Lisbet Skeide (BioMed Central, 2016)
      Background Capillary blood glucose measurements are regularly used for nursing home residents with diabetes. The usefulness of these measurements relies on clear indications for use, correct measurement techniques, ...
    • Identification of 19 new risk loci and potential regulatory mechanisms influencing susceptibility to testicular germ cell tumor 

      Litchfield, Kevin; Levy, Max; Orlando, Giulia; Loveday, Chey; Law, Philip J.; Migliorini, Gabriele; Holroyd, Amy; Broderick, Peter; Karlsson, Robert; Haugen, Trine B.; Kristiansen, Wenche; Nsengimana, Jérémie; Fenwick, Kerry; Assiotis, Ioannis; Kote-Jarai, Zsofia; Dunning, Alison M.; Muir, Kenneth; Peto, Julian; Eeles, Rosalind; Easton, Douglas F.; Dudakia, Darshna; Orr, Nick; Pashayan, Nora; Bishop, D. Timothy; Reid, Alison; Huddart, Robert A.; Shipley, Janet; Grotmol, Tom; Wiklund, Fredrik; Houlston, Richard S.; Turnbull, Clare (Nature Publishing Group, 2017-06-12)
      Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have transformed our understanding of testicular germ cell tumour (TGCT) susceptibility but much of the heritability remains unexplained. Here we report a new GWAS, a meta-analysis ...
    • Identification of differentially expressed Atlantic salmon miRNAs responding to salmonid alphavirus (SAV) infection 

      Andreassen, Rune; Nardos, Woldemariam; Ine, Egeland; Oleg, Agafanov; Hilde, Sindre; Bjørn, Høyheim (BioMed Central, 2017)
      Background MicroRNAs (miRNAs) control multiple biological processes including the innate immune responses by negative post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression. As there were no studies on the role(s) of miRNAs ...
    • Imaging in Lyme neuroborreliosis 

      Lindland, Elisabeth Margrete Stokke; Solheim, Anne Marit; Andreassen, Silje; Paulsen, Else Quist; Eikeland, Randi; Ljøstad, Unn; Mygland, Åse; Elsais, Ahmed; Nygaard, Gro Owren; Lorentzen, Åslaug Rudjord; Harbo, Hanne Flinstad; Beyer, Mona K. (Springer Open, 2018-09-04)
      Lyme neuroborreliosis (LNB) is a tick-borne spirochetal infection with a broad spectrum of imaging pathology. For individuals who live in or have travelled to areas where ticks reside, LNB should be considered among ...
    • The impact of pitch values on image quality and radiation dose in an abdominal adult phantom using CT 

      Lança, Luis; Barros, Pietro; Løvlien, Ine M.; Derech, Rodrigo D’Agostini; Higgins, Daniel; Kleiker, Marjolein; McNally, Kevin; Thevenaz, Manon; Hogg, Peter; Liardet, Sebastien (University of Stanford, 2017)
      Purpose: To identify the impact of different pitch values on image quality and effective radiation dose for axial and coronal plane in abdominal adult CT. Methods and materials: Three scans were conducted on an abdominal ...
    • Impact of the anode heel effect on image quality and effective dose for AP pelvis: a pilot study 

      Buissink, Carst; Bowdler, Matt; Abdullah, A; Al-Murshedi, S; Custódio, S; Huhn, Andrea; Jorge, Jose; Ali, Mohammed; Peters, Annastagia Lily; Robin, Rey Yohan; Urdahl, Therese Kristin; Hogg, Peter (University of Salford, 2017)
      Purpose: Using phantoms, this pilot study aims to outline a method and generate initial data to determine whether the anode heel effect has an impact on image quality and the effective dose. Methods and Materials: A ...
    • Intra-host sequence variability in human papillomavirus 

      Mandishora, Racheal Shamiso Dube; Gjøtterud, Kristina Stormo; Lagström, Sonja; Stray-Pedersen, Babill; Duri, Kerina; Chin'ombe, Nyasha; Nygård, Mari; Christiansen, Irene Kraus; Ambur, Ole Herman; Chirenje, Mike Zvavahera; Rounge, Trine Ballestad (Elsevier, 2018-04-30)
      Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) co-evolve slowly with the human host and each HPV genotype displays epithelial tropisms. We assessed the evolution of intra HPV genotype variants within samples, and their association to ...