Biodistribution and dosimetry results from a phase 1 trial of therapy with the antibody-Radionuclide conjugate 177Lu-Lilotomab satetraxetan
177Lu-lilotomab satetraxetan is a novel antibody radionuclide conjugate (ARC) currently in a phase 1/2a first-in-human dosage escalation trial for patients with relapsed CD37+ indolent non Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). The aim of this study was to investigate biodistribution and absorbed doses to organs at risk. Methods: A total of seven patients treated with 177Lu-lilotomab satetraxetan were included for dosimetry. Patients were grouped based on two different pre-dosing regimens (with and without pre-dosing with 40 mg lilotomab) and were treated with different levels of activity per body weight (10, 15 and 20 MBq/kg). All patients were pre-treated with rituximab. Serial planar and SPECT/CT-images were used to determine time activity curves and patient specific masses for organs with 177Lu-lilotomab satetraxetan uptake. Doses were calculated with OLINDA/EXM. Results: Organs with distinct uptake of 177Lu-lilotomab satetraxetan, in addition to red bone marrow and tumors, were liver, spleen and kidneys. Largest uptake was found in the spleen, where doses ranged from 1.54 to 3.60 mGy/MBq. The liver received 0.70 to 1.15 mGy/MBq. The kidneys received the lowest dose of the source organs investigated; 0.16 to 0.79 mGy/MBq. No statistical significant differences in soft tissue absorbed doses for the two pre-dosing regimens were found. Whole body (WB) dose ranged from 0.08 to 0.17 mGy/MBq. Conclusion: The biodistribution study for patients treated with 177Lu-lilotomab satetraxetan revealed highest physiological uptake in liver and spleen, besides red marrow. For all dosage levels investigated, doses were found modest when compared to commonly assumed tolerance limits.
Holtedahl, Jon Erik