Interaction between Standardisation and Research in Drafting an International Specification on Learning Analytics
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Interoperability standards are key enablers for widespread adoption of learning technologies, e.g., new data-driven analytics of learning, an application domain explored in a case study presented in this paper. Standards-making is a design practice that relies on input from research and end-users, involving experts that represent diverse stakeholders spread all over the globe. However, the standards-setting culture and formal rules are sometimes at odds with the culture and practice of research. Based on previous research identifying lack of openness and transparency, and a suboptimal interaction with academic research as issues that could explain lack of success in a European setting, this paper studies how an ongoing international standards project on privacy and data protection policies for learning analytics has interacted with an international academic research community. The results of this study show that establishing feedback loops between standardisation, research, and development is essential in order to produce results.