Local social services in disaster management: Is there a Nordic Model?
The Nordic states have extensive welfare systems in which the local social services are an important component. Despite a growing research on disaster resilience, we lack research examining in systematic way whether and how local social services in the Nordic countries contribute to resilience. Aiming to ﬁll this gap, this article asks whether we can identify a common Nordic model of the role of local social services in disasters, or whether the countries have taken diﬀerent paths. We use policy documents and legislation to examine the extent to which roles for local social services are embedded in the disaster management systems of the ﬁve Nordic countries. We analyze the institutional organization in eachcountry, as well as the models of social services related to disasters from a comparative perspective. We ﬁnd that the Nordic countries have chosen quite diﬀerent paths regarding local social services’ role in disaster management and conclude that there is no Nordic model. Another general conclusion is that a more robust position of local social services within the disaster management system might enhance disaster resilience in the Nordic countries as a whole.
Björk Eydal, Gudny
Ómarsdóttir, Ingibjörg Lilja