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dc.contributor.authorEriksen, Ingunn Marie
dc.date.accessioned2018-04-09T14:12:32Z
dc.date.accessioned2018-06-05T07:48:15Z
dc.date.available2018-04-09T14:12:32Z
dc.date.available2018-06-05T07:48:15Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.identifier.citationEriksen I. The power of the word: students’ and school staff’s use of the established bullying definition. Educational review (Birmingham). 2018en
dc.identifier.issn0013-1881
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10642/5941
dc.description.abstractAbstract Background Previous research has found that bullying is often defined differently by students, staff and researchers, leading researchers to call for a more consistent use of the term in practice to enable better intervention and measurement. However, little is known about the consequences of a more consistent use of the term in school. Purpose The article examines the consequences of schools adopting an exact definition of bullying. Sample Twenty Norwegian primary and lower secondary schools were selected from a survey (n = 455). The schools were characterised by a strong culture of bullying prevention, and their staff and students knew and used the same authoritative bullying definition. Four schools were then selected for closer ethnographic study. Design and methods Interviews were conducted with students, teachers, support staff and school management. The interviews were analysed qualitatively, using a grounded theory approach. Results For school staff, the term ‘bullying’ was construed as rigid and possessing an inherent power that is manifested through the way the term controls adults’ actions. Teachers viewed students’ use of the term as too wide. They emphasised the need to teach students the established definition, as students’ overuse of the term may lead to the word’s diminishing impact for those who are in real need of help. Nevertheless, many of the educators stated that few students report bullying. Both school staff and students displayed a sense of certainty when identifying what counts as bullying. Students’ recognition of the power of the word was apparent in the way they used the term as a tool for social positioning. Conclusions By way of the status of a bullying definition as an established, research-based definition, it gains a potent power for management, teachers and students. Its power lies in the fact that the use of the term gives rights and responsibilities, determines guilt and confers blame and status. Unwanted effects of a strict control of the bullying term may involve the risk of missing cases and the risk that students use the term as a tool in the power relations between the students themselves. Keywords: Bullying definition, primary school, secondary school, student behaviour, teachers, school management, student well-beingen
dc.description.sponsorshipThe Norwegian Directorate for Education and Trainingen
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherTaylor & Francisen
dc.relation.ispartofseriesEducational Research;Volume 60, Issue 2
dc.relation.urihttps://www.tandfonline.com/eprint/56W754UxZwhk9QgfyUFz/full
dc.rightsThis is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Educational Research, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/00131881.2018.1454263.en
dc.subjectPrimary schoolsen
dc.subjectBullying definitionsen
dc.subjectSecondary schoolsen
dc.subjectStudent behaviouren
dc.subjectTeachersen
dc.subjectSchool managementen
dc.titleThe power of the word: students’ and school staff’s use of the established bullying definitionen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.typePeer revieweden
dc.date.updated2018-04-09T14:12:32Z
dc.description.versionacceptedVersionen
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1080/00131881.2018.1454263
dc.identifier.cristinID1578427
dc.source.issn0013-1911
dc.source.issn1465-3397
dc.relation.journalEducational review (Birmingham)


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