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dc.contributor.authorGundersen, Torbjørn
dc.date.accessioned2018-04-24T07:28:42Z
dc.date.accessioned2018-06-04T12:20:38Z
dc.date.available2018-04-24T07:28:42Z
dc.date.available2018-06-04T12:20:38Z
dc.date.issued2018-06
dc.identifier.citationGundersen T. Scientists as experts: A distinct role?. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A. 2018en
dc.identifier.issn0039-3681
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10642/5938
dc.description.abstractThe role of scientists as experts is crucial to public policymaking. However, the expert role is contested and unsettled in both public and scholarly discourse. In this paper, I provide a systematic account of the role of scientists as experts in policymaking by examining whether there are any normatively relevant differences between this role and the role of scientists as researchers. Two different interpretations can be given of how the two roles relate to each other. The separability view states that there is a normatively relevant difference between the two roles, whereas the inseparability view denies that there is such a difference. Based on a systematic analysis of the central aspects of the role of scientists as experts – that is, its aim, context, mode of output, and standards, I propose a moderate version of the separability view. Whereas the aim of scientific research is typically to produce new knowledge through the use of scientific method for evaluation and dissemination in internal settings, the aim of the expert is to provide policymakers and the public with relevant and applicable knowledge that can premise political reasoning and deliberation.en
dc.description.sponsorshipNorges forskningsråden
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherElsevieren
dc.relation.ispartofseriesStudies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A;Volume 69
dc.rightsPostprint version lisenced under CC-BY-NC-ND.en
dc.subjectExpert rolesen
dc.subjectMoral responsibilitiesen
dc.subjectPolicy relevanceen
dc.subjectPolicymakingen
dc.titleScientists as experts: A distinct role?en
dc.typePeer reviewed
dc.typeJournal article
dc.date.updated2018-04-24T07:28:41Z
dc.description.versionacceptedVersionen
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.shpsa.2018.02.006
dc.identifier.cristinID1577290
dc.relation.projectIDNorges forskningsråd: 217924
dc.source.issn0039-3681
dc.source.issn1879-2510
dc.relation.journalStudies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A


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