Informal eldercare and care for disabled children in the Nordic countries: prevalence and relation to employment
In an international comparison, the Nordic countries are generous care spender s and a relatively large proportion of the populations receive formal care services. However, in respect of service provision, the Nordic countries are less similar today than they were some decades ago. Using survey data from three Nordic countries , Denma rk, Norway , and Sweden, we first document the difference s in informal care between the countries, and then we assess its impact on the relationship between informal caregiving and formal employent.We find that informal care is most common in Denmark and least common in Sweden. However, those who provide care in Sweden provide care more often than people in both Norway and Denmark. There is a negative correlation between being a caregiver and the probability of being employed in Norway and Denmark, but not in Sweden. With specific regard to parental care, there is no general relation between the provision of parental care and employment, but those providing substantial care are clearly less likely to work than others. Caring for a disabled child is less com mon than caring for a parent, but the negative effects on employment are even stronger.